Orthopedic disorders

  • Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis (OA) encompasses a spectrum of mechanical abnormalities that can be described as joint degeneration, without inflammation, generating symptoms such as pain, tenderness, stiffness and locking. Over time and due to a variety of factors, the space within the joint narrows and loss of the protective cartilage ensues, causing further damage to surrounding muscles and ligaments. Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic disease in older people. In younger patients, it is often a secondary result of injury to the joint. Although many incorrectly assume that exercise causes OA, it is generally beneficial and should be recommended. Joint function and stability are improved with physical activity due to increases in muscle strength and neuromuscular function, and in patients with OA, it has been shown to reduce pain as well as improve overall well-being. There is a large variability of symptoms, and in more severe cases physical activity should be carefully modified to ensure pain-free motion. Patients must inform their physician prior to beginning an exercise program, which should be supervised. Read More
  • Hip and knee replacement

    Hip or knee joint replacement surgery is an operation to replace all or part of the hip or knee joint with a prosthesis, with the aim to relieve pain and dysfunction of the joint. After replacement, participation in physical activity is recommended as it leads to an improvement in overall health, as well as reductions in pain scores and body mass index. Physical activity increases both muscle strength and bone quality, two factors that are vitally important for the fixation of the prosthesis. High-impact and high-load activities should be avoided. The exercises should be supervised to avoid movements that can put the prosthesis in a risk of failure. Read More
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