Cardiovascular diseases and physical activity

  • Coronary heart disease

    Coronary heart disease Coronary heart disease (CHD), which is the narrowing of the arteries providing blood and oxygen to heart muscle, is the leading cause of death in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. Modifiable CHD risk factors are physical inactivity, smoking, high blood pressure, blood lipid disorders, overweight/obesity and diabetes. Physical activity decreases inflammation and limits the narrowing and the stiffness of the blood vessels. It reduces blood pressure and heart rate, and contributes to prevent other CHD risk factors as well (e.g. overweight, etc.). Aerobic and strength exercises, which should be performed to prevent the development of CHD (primary prevention), are strongly recommended during all cardiac rehabilitation phases following the first event (secondary and tertiary prevention), and must be followed to prevent further relapses. Nevertheless, exercise should be supervised by a professional and strenuous exercises should be avoided. Read More
  • Stroke

    Stroke Stroke is a condition of vascular origin that is characterized by rapidly developing symptoms (face drooping, arm weakness, speech difficulty) lasting for more than 24 hours or which lead to death. The three main causes of stroke are 1) brain infarction (the large majority of cases), 2) cerebral haemorrhage and 3) subarachnoid haemorrhage resulting from a ruptured arterial aneurysm. Physical activity can improve mobility, functional independence, self-efficacy, and quality of life in stroke patients. It can prevent falls and allow patients to carry out activities of daily living with less exertion. Furthermore, it may exert beneficial effects on depression, in overall cognition and reduce the risk of vascular dementia in older people living independently. Read More
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